As web3 continues to evolve, it's essential for developers to stay ahead of the curve by learning new programming languages and technologies.
In this article, we will explore the new web3 developer stack for 2023 and highlight the languages and resources that you need to master in order to be successful in this field.
The foundations The web3 developer stack Smart contracts and Dapps Nodes are essential on web3 developer stack The importance of Wallets Blockchain development environments for EVM Storing images, videos and files Practice through hackathons and bounties
There are different levels and types of programming.
Besides the basic procedural programming languages that provide variables, functions, and statements (for example, Dreamweaver, Eclipse, BASIC, C, Java, PASCAL and FORTRAN), there is a list of functional, object-oriented, scripting, and logic programming languages that you should learn before going to web3.
The following is a list of programming languages that will give you a strong foundation and enable you to work with web3 programming:
Phyton: probably the best to learn first. It is easy to use and develop scalable web apps. Lots of startups use Phyton as a backend stack. YouTube and Instagram, for example, are built on Python. It is also widely used for DApps and smart contracts development.
Java: widely used in Android App Development and many large companies, Java provides great opportunities for blockchain developers because it is frequently chosen for building smart contracts and Dapps.
C and C++: almost all low-level systems are written in C/C++. There are several compilers and libraries to work with C++ and C offering great portability. C++ is probably the best language for cryptocurrency development.
C#: also recommended for backend programming, this language was developed by Microsoft and it is widely used for desktop applications.
Golang/Go: designed by Google, it’s an open-source programming language used by startups in Silicon Valley for cloud and network services, web development, DevOps, etc.
While there are other programming languages, these ones will give you a strong foundation to start learning about blockchain development.
👉 Key differences between blockchain developer vs software developer
According to developer relations engineer Nader Dabit, in this article, the Web3 stack is different from traditional web architecture because it’s based on blockchain identity. It may be divided into the blockchain development environment, file storage, P2P Databases, API (Indexing & Querying), Identify, Client (frameworks and libraries), and other protocols.
We can simplify all this by giving you:
A simple tip: there are web3 libraries such as web3.js, ethers.js, and web3.py that may help you before developing blockchain, interacting with smart contracts and developing your first decentralized applications (Dapps)
The name of some programming languages that are crucial to work on these categories and develop incredible solutions.
So, as one of the blockchain developer skills is problem-solving, you will need to put together some language solutions. It means that having knowledge of previous programming languages will help to activate essential new solutions for a web3 developer, such as blockchain, smart contracts, and Dapps.
Another thing: one of the first steps we recommend is underlying programming languages for cryptocurrencies such as Ethereum.
Some of the languages mentioned earlier are paramount to programming on web3 due to their ability to build smart contracts. For those unfamiliar, a smart contract is a computer protocol meant to digitally facilitate, verify or enforce the negotiation or performance of a contract. They differ from normal contracts because they are self-executing; meaning that once certain conditions are met, specific actions take place without human intervention.
This language has wide market adoption, a large accessible community, and is also being used to build Dapps.
Frequently, Solidity is used for creating contracts such as voting, crowdfunding, blind auctions, and multi-signature wallets.
This language programming also targets EVM and is pythonic contract-oriented. So, if you have worked with Python code it will be much easier to write on Vyper.
The language primes for compiler simplicity and was created to complement Solidity, with the main goal of making contracts more secure. At this point, focusing on security, it is important to know that Vyper omits the following Solidity’s features:
Vyper’s official documentation for reference.
To help with debugging, Rust’s compiler is color-coded and may show the causes of errors on the code.
As you should know, blockchains run thanks to nodes. These nodes run copies of the blockchain, being essential on the web3 developer stack.
An example of nodes' importance is that smart contracts only interact with web3 libraries thanks to nodes.
So, as a web3 developer, we recommend you study and use a global network such as QuickNode API, that offers high-performance and instant access to 13 blockchains, including Ethereum, Bitcoin networks, Solana and Binance Smart Chain.
With QuickNode, developers can see the node's smart contract, detect trends in the traffic, unlock tools to debug Dapps and understand when web3 calls are failing.
Storing cryptocurrencies and tokens is an essential part of web3 because it addresses the identity of individuals and holds crypto.
So, this knowledge is critical to write and verifying operations on the blockchain, being part of the web3 developer stack.
Above all, we can say something: learning Solidity and Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM) may be the best way to get started as a blockchain developer.
Thinking of this, here is a list of some good development environments for you that needs knowledge of the programming languages that you told you above
Brownie is Python-based and ideal for testing frameworks and smart contracts for Solidity/EVM.
On the web3 developer stack, you should also know where to store images, videos and other files.
With TAIKAI and Bepro Network, our autonomous protocol for decentralized development, professionals can easily make the transition from being software developers to become blockchain developers. Here's how.
TAIKAI and other partners create competitions and online challenges that can help you apply your programming skills to web3. By participating in our challenges, you could also be rewarded with KAI Tokens, our cryptocurrency, on top of the hackathon prizes.
Challenges such as hackathons are excellent opportunities to test and validate your ideas while practicing your knowledge of programming languages.
👉 Check the available hackathons
Bepro Network is a web3 bounty platform that enables developers to earn rewards for identifying and fixing bugs or other developing features within web3 projects. With a variety of bounties available, Bepro Network makes it easy for web3 developers to connect with web3 projects in need of their expertise.
Whether you are looking to make some extra money or simply want to support open-source projects, bepro is the perfect platform for web3 enthusiasts.
Bounties are a great way for new web3 developers to get involved in the web3 community and gain valuable experience. They provide an opportunity to work on real web3 projects and make connections with other professionals, while also offering financial incentives. Additionally, web3 bounty platforms typically offer resources and support to help web3 developers succeed, making them a great choice for anyone looking to start or advance their web3 career.
So if you're a web3 novice looking for new challenges and opportunities, web3 bounties are definitely worth considering.
SDK - or software development kits - are tools you should also use to develop faster and more efficiently.
We built our own open-source web3 SDK named dappKit: a powerful tool that allows faster project development because it's user-friendly and a very simple way to create web3 apps/products, saving hours of work by eliminating the need to create web3 code from scratch.
We also provide team/community support for documentation.
Before you can start developing on the blockchain, it is essential that you learn Solidity and Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM). Additionally, Vyper, Rust, and Yul are key languages to know. However, understanding nodes are also critical at this stage in your development. You could use a service such as QuickNode for this.
To put all this into practice, you can also participate in hackathon competitions, develop features through bounties, or use SDKs such as dappKit to enable faster development.
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